Get All Your Ducks (or heads) In a Row
When creating a composition with human figures at different distances from the viewer (and each other) it's helpful to understand something about perspective and how we see. When we look toward the distance, the invisible line between our eyes and the horizon is our eye level. Because most adults fall within a general range of height, the eyes of a person standing in front of you will line up more or less with the horizon at your eye level, too. Even if that person stands twenty feet away from you, if the ground is level, you will still be at the same eye level, and that person's eyes will still roughly line up with the horizon - even though their figure now appears to be smaller. The same holds true if the person is fifty feet away from you and appears even smaller still. On level ground, the sight lines of people at different distances from the viewer fall along the same horizontal line. As perspective shrinks them, they shrink from top and bottom, anchored on the horizon at their eye level. In composition, we naturally tend to identify with the most prominent face and adopt their sight line, meaning that other people in the composition on that same sight line are presumed to be the same stature as the viewer. It's a brain thing!
|Head masks by Pam Carriker Face Silhouette S171 and ATC Mixup L651 || |
In the first example, the horizon runs along the tops of these figures' ears. and because the second figure is smaller but on the same line, it appears to be the same height as the one on the left, but farther away from the viewer. In the next example, putting the second figure lower than the horizon (established by the larger, closer figure) has the effect of making that second figure smaller in stature, like a child. Both compositions use the same masks, but the effect is different from one to the other. The second example could conceivably be showing a same-sized figure that is farther back and lower down (going down a slope, for example), but taking the second figure off the horizon creates different visual information. In the absence of other elements establishing a horizon line, we are more likely to identify with the closer (larger) figure, and we the automatically assume the smaller figure is smaller than we are. It would work in reverse if the smaller figure aligned with the horizon (established by other visual information in the composition) and the larger figure were much higher - it would make the larger figure appear to be monumental.
|Figures from Carolyn Dube's Finding My Tribe stencil L414|
|Figures from Valerie Sjodin's ATC Mixup L762 and Figures Praising L727|
|figures from Carolyn Dube's Finding My Tribe L414 and ATC Mixup L657|
On this side of the journal I used the principle I am featuring in this column. I used stencils and masks of figures by Carolyn Dube, and kept their heads on roughly the same line across the pages of the journal in order to create the illusion of depth. I even suggested a horizon line with a line of black dots running from figure to figure. (Notice that in the photo of the Venetian canal in the second panel I misaligned the horizon - raising that image up half an inch would have done a better job of emphasizing the same horizon line from panel to panel. What can I say? Creating on the fly doesn't always leave you time to think carefully before pressing down a photo sticker!)
This composition may possibly give the impression that we were all running to the last panel in order to clink glasses with our aperitivos - and that impression would not be entirely misleading! I used a plethora of stencils and masks on this project, as well as some rubber stamping and some mark-making tools. We are fortunate to have stencil and mask designs that come in multiple sizes - it makes creating a composition like this a lot of fun. If you have a few figure stencils in different sizes, experiment with placement and see what you come up with. Ciao!
Other stencils featured in this blog post Near Miss, by Wendy Aikin S622, Arched Aqueduct by Carolyn Dube L359, Venetian Stencil Large by Carolyn Dube L255, Monoprint Stencils and Mask Set by Rae Missigman L739, Grand Wisteria by Trish McKinney L679, Cuba Libre Club Set by Jane LaFazio October 2017, MaryBeth Shaw's Private Collection Club Set April 2016